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Lesson 1

Understanding ecommerce Security Technologies

The primary inhibitor to the adoption of e-commerce has been fears surrounding Web-based e-commerce security. Trust in e-commerce has increased over the years as security technologies and implementation have advanced. Nevertheless, it is still a great concern, especially in the, especially the B2C arena. Even though many strides in security have been accomplished, it behooves personnel involved in e-commerce to understand the basics of e-commerce security technologies, and how to deploy those technologies in various e-commerce scenarios. This module focuses on providing a basic understanding of the essential cryptographic techniques that underpin electronic payment systems. By the end of this module, you will be able to:
  1. Identify symmetric, asymmetric, and one-way encryption schemes
  2. Itemize the benefits provided by security implementations such as hashing, message digests, and digital signatures
  3. Understand the certificate-related infrastructure
  4. Identify the need for secure electronic transactions
  5. Identify encryption schemes such symmetric, asymmetric, and one way
  6. Describe the methods for authentication and identification
  7. Explain the use of certificates

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Payment gateways and Digital Wallets

In the realm of modern e-commerce, two pivotal components that significantly enhance the efficiency and security of online transactions are 1) payment gateways and 2) digital wallets. Their roles, while distinct, collectively streamline the online shopping experience for both merchants and consumers.
  1. Payment Gateways: These act as intermediaries between the merchant's website and the financial institutions involved in the transaction. When a customer makes a purchase, the payment gateway securely transmits the payment information from the website to the payment processor used by the merchant's bank. It is plausible to suggest that the primary function of a payment gateway is to validate the customer's card details securely, ensure funds are available, and eventually enable merchants to get paid. It plays a crucial role in the transaction process, handling sensitive data and ensuring it is transmitted securely, often using encryption technologies. The gateway effectively decouples the consumer's personal financial information from the merchant, thereby reducing the risk of sensitive data breaches.
  2. Digital Wallets: These are akin to electronic versions of physical wallets. A digital wallet allows users to store payment information, like credit card numbers and bank account details, in a secure, digital format. When making an e-commerce transaction, the user can select their digital wallet as the payment method, eliminating the need to enter payment details manually for each transaction. The potential benefit of digital wallets lies in their convenience and enhanced security. They often employ advanced security measures such as encryption and tokenization to protect user data. Additionally, digital wallets can facilitate faster transactions, as they can quickly authenticate the user and process payments without the need to manually input payment information each time.

In summary, while both payment gateways and digital wallets serve the overarching purpose of facilitating online transactions, their functions are notably distinct. Payment gateways act as a secure conduit for payment processing, whereas digital wallets offer a convenient and secure method for storing and using payment information in e-commerce settings.
In the next lesson, you will learn about the need for secure electronic transactions.

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